Strabismus (Crossed/Wandering Eye)

Strabismus (Crossed/Wandering Eye)

Strabismus occurs when both eyes are unable to properly team and align together. As a result, one or both eyes will appear to cross-in or wander-out of alignment. Any of these alignment problems will cause a deficit in depth perception.

Oftentimes, strabismus is interpreted as an eye muscle problem. However, it really is an eye-brain problem/connection which affects the eye muscles.

The word ‘Strabismus’ is an umbrella term used to describe an eye turn. However, the condition itself is often further classified by the direction of the eye turn, the frequency of the turn, and by which eye(s) are affected. These classifications include:

  • Esotropia – Inward turning
  • Exotropia – Outward turning
  • Hypertropia – Upward turning
  • Constant or Intermittent – The frequency in which a turn occurs
  • Unilateral or Bilateral – Whether it involves one eye or both eyes
  • Alternating– If the turning of an eye occurs in the left eye and other times in the right eye.


There are many potential signs/symptoms of strabismus, depending on the type and frequency of strabismus. These symptoms may include:

  • Covering or closing an eye
  • Rubbing eyes
  • Tired eyes
  • Avoiding near work
  • Decreased reading potential, Loss of place while reading
  • Poor depth perception
  • Clumsy / poor motor control
  • Poor eye-hand coordination
  • Reduced acuity in the deviated eye


We provide comprehensive office-based vision therapy and innovative home-support for effective results. Our advanced treatment is not limited by age and utilizes the latest technology and methods for treating strabismus non-surgically.

We address strabismus with a personalized approach. Each session is one-on-one (therapist-to-patient), conducted under doctor supervision. Our developmental doctors and therapists will work with you to help you achieve your goals for yourself or your child.


Strabismus surgery modifies the muscles around the eyes in an attempt to align the eyes cosmetically. However, this often requires multiple operations. In even greater importance, the surgery itself does not train the brain to utilize both eyes together. Although the eyes may appear aligned after surgery, the individual will often present with:

  • Suppression and monocular vision (only able to see with one eye)
  • Poor or no depth perception
  • Slower tracking ability
  • Poor eye-hand coordination
  • Poor spatial judgment
  • Trouble with reading fluency